Sweden was also the birthplace of the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize, along with the famous pop group ABBA and the furniture chain IKEA. The capital city is Stockholm, which is also the most populous city in the country. Sweden has the world's eighth-highest per capita income and ranks highly in numerous comparisons of national performance, including quality of life, health, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality, prosperity and human development
Climate:Temperatures vary greatly from north to south. Southern and central parts of the country have warm summers and cold winters, while the northern part of the country has shorter, cooler summers and longer, colder and snowier winters.
Geography: Situated in Northern Europe, Sweden lies west of the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Bothnia, providing a long coastline, and forms the eastern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula. It has maritime borders with Denmark, Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, and it is also linked to Denmark by the Oresund Bridge. Sweden is the 55th-largest country in the world. The capital city is Stockholm, which is also the most populous city in the country. Sweden has 25 provinces, While these provinces serve no political or administrative purpose, they play an important role in people's self-identity. To the west is the Scandinavian mountain chain (Skanderna), a range that separates Sweden from Norway. Finland is located to its north-east.
Nature: The largest lake is Vanern, with an area of 5,655 sq km and the highest peak is Kebnekaise, which stands 2,104m above sea level and is part of the Scandinavian mountain chain on the Norwegian border. Sweden has 29 national parks and more than 4,000 nature reserves, together covering more than a tenth of the country’s land area, or the whole of neighbouring Denmark. Sweden’s enormous tracts of land are forested, while another 8% is covered in water. Gotland and Oland are Sweden's largest islands; Vanern and Vattern are its largest lakes. Vanern is the third largest in Europe. Spring, summer, fall and winter each have their own unique personalities. Sweden’s cities, too, are great fun during winter, with glogg sellers on every corner, while in the arctic north the winter months go hand in hand with the chance to see the Northern Lights.
Landscape: The Swedish countryside is dotted with thousands of lakes, freshwater streams, mountains and rolling hills. Starting up north, villages are few and small, nature fills in. The landscape is very dramatic, and rolling hills rise into mountains. On the way south, you’ll pass by endless numbers of lakes, streams, and pine and birch trees. Sweden has plenty of, it’s open landscapes. Even those living in large cities like Stockholm or Gothenburg have direct access to hundreds of unspoiled islands – just a short boat ride from the city centre. On the Baltic island of Gotland, limestone columns rise dramatically from the sea. And in southernmost Sweden, you’ll find everything from deep-green potato fields to some of the richest apple orchards in Europe.
Islands: Sweden’s archipelagoes from the far north in Swedish Lapland, wrapping around the coastline of the deep south, before stretching up the west coast. The northern Swedish cities of Lulea and Pitea lie groups of islands in the Gulf of Bothnia, known for their natural beauty and unique cultural heritage. Sweden’s south east coast archipelago is 10,000 islands strong, stretching out from coastal towns Vastervik, Oskarshamn, Monsteras and Kalmar. The biggest island here is Oland, a favorites among Swedish holidaymakers. The West Coast archipelago in Sweden making the news around the world for its lobster and oyster seafood ‘safaris’. The West Coast and the archipelago here is full of fishing villages, beaches and bathing spots, pink granite skerries and a world first, the Kosterhavet Marine National Park. the east coast of Sweden is actually three archipelagoes: Gryt, and Tjust, St. Anna and Arkosund. Beautiful, lush islands hug the east coast, while the outlying islands tend to be barren, rocky affairs.
Capital city: Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic region. The city is the cultural, media, political, and economic centre of Sweden. The region alone accounts for over a third of the country's GDP, and is among the top 10 regions in Europe. It also features series of islands and located on the eastern coast, Stockholm is the capital city of Sweden and remains one of the world's most beautiful and appealing cities. The inner city is made up of 14 islands connected by some 50 bridges on Lake Malaren, which flows into the brackish Baltic Sea, and passes the Stockholm archipelago with some 24,000 islands and islets. he city is home to some of Europe's top ranking universities, such as the Karolinska Institute and hosts the annual Nobel Prize ceremonies and banquet at the Stockholm Concert Hall and Stockholm City Hall.
Tourist attraction: Take a boat trip from Stockholm city centre among the islands to Drottningholm Palace. In summer, make the most of Sweden's hundreds of miles of beaches, particularly on the west coast, and its 96,000 lakes. Take a cruise on the MS Ceres along the historic Gota Canal. Constructed in the early 19th century, the canal’s 614km stretch from Gothenburg in the west to Soderkoping on the Baltic Sea. Take a ferry to Stockholm's Djurgarden Island area, to see the Nordic Museum, the home of royal artist Prince Eugen and Liljevalchs Konsthall. German immigrants founded Sweden's crystal and glass-making industry in the southern province of Smaland in the 16th century and 16 glassworks in the area are open to visitors. The historic Gamla Stan with its collection of beautifully-preserved historic buildings bisected by winding cobbled streets. Slottsbacken, Gamla Stan’s highest hill, is home to the Royal Palace and a jumble of baroque buildings, lot more.
Cuisine: The traditional image of the Swede and his love of pickled herring might be a stereotype but it’s one that’s deliciously true, with fish prepared in myriad ways such as Jansson´s temptation – sliced herring, potatoes and onions baked in cream. Along with fish, meat and root vegetables are commonly found in Swedish cooking Wild food such as mushrooms, blueberries and cloudberries crop up seasonally, while thanks to its long coastline and maritime history plus numerous freshwater lakes, fish is a staple part of the Swedish diet. Akvavit a Scandinavian spirit that is traditionally drunk chilled with smorgasbord. Flavours vary from practically tasteless to sweetly spiced. Also well known, not least because of their presence in IKEA stores around the world, are Swedish meatballs, which are often served as part of the smorgasbord. Rest assured, the real deal is considerably better than IKEA’s efforts.
Shopping and Nightlife: Sweden is justly famous for its fashion and very few places are without at least one branch of H&M. While H&M might be the best known of the Swedish fashion brands, it’s also one of the least special and its ubiquity means giving it a miss won’t leave you missing out. In Stockholm, bypass Drottninggatan the city’s main pedestrian shopping street, which is packed with international high street brands - and head to Gotgatan in Gamla Stan, where you’ll find a throng of tiny boutiques selling some of Sweden’s edgiest labels and wonderful homeware. Swedish culture that has made the world sit up and take notice; its music scene too has come a long way since the days when Abba ruled the airwaves. Today, Swedish music is as richly varied as its nightlife, proving that the Swedish musical milieu is alive and kicking.