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SwitzerlandAbout Switzerland:

Switzerland, in central Europe, is the land of the Alps. Its tallest peak is the Dufourspitze at 15,203 ft (4,634 m) on the Swiss side of the Italian border, one of 10 summits of the Monte Rosa massif.

The tallest peak in all of the Alps, Mont Blanc (15,771 ft; 4,807 m), is actually in France. Most of Switzerland is composed of a mountainous plateau bordered by the great bulk of the Alps on the south and by the Jura Mountains on the northwest. The country's largest lakes—Geneva, Constance (Bodensee), and Maggiore—straddle the French, German-Austrian, and Italian borders, respectively. The Rhine, navigable from Basel to the North Sea, is the principal inland waterway. Population of Switzerland in 2014: 8,061,516.

History of Switzerland: Switzerland in 1291 was a league of cantons in the Holy Roman Empire. Fashioned around the nucleus of three German forest districts of Schwyz, Uri, and Unterwalden, the Swiss Confederation slowly added new cantons. In 1648 the Treaty of Westphalia gave Switzerland its independence from the Holy Roman Empire.

French revolutionary troops occupied the country in 1798 and named it the Helvetic Republic, but Napoléon in 1803 restored its federal government. By 1815, the French- and Italian-speaking peoples of Switzerland had been granted political equality.

In 1815, the Congress of Vienna guaranteed the neutrality and recognized the independence of Switzerland. In the revolutionary period of 1847, the Catholic cantons seceded and organized a separate union called the Sonderbund , but they were defeated and rejoined the federation.

Places to visit in Switzerland:Matterhorn

Matterhorn: The Matterhorn above Zermatt certainly is the most famous of all Swiss mountain peaks and is a must for every visitor to Switzerland. Upon spotting the Matterhorn, which is part of the loftiest Alps in the Valais, you will be overwhelmingly excited by its impressive beauty. Experience the breathtaking scenery in this charming, traffic-free mountain resort - and to get there, consider getting on the Glacier Express, one of Switzerland's famous scenic trains.

OberlandBernese Oberland:  The Bernese Oberland invites you with a great variety of attractions. An appealing countryside is speckled by enchanting lakes and flanked by impressive mountains, most importantly the Eiger, Moench and Jungfrau peaks in the Jungfrau Region with its well known resorts Interlaken, Grindelwald, Wengen and Muerren. Other popular destinations include the Simmental Valley with its famous cows, the Saanenland with several mountain resorts including Gstaad, and the Lake Thun region with the medieval town of Thun and its castle. And also Bern, the nearby Swiss Capital which has been named a UNESCO World Heritage site, is well worth a visit. Consider exploring the Bernese Oberland by the scenic Golden Pass Train.

The fame of Lucerne as a tourist destination is legendary and the city is often considered to be the "true Swiss Capital". This charming and attractive town straddles the Reuss River on the western edge of Lake Lake GenevaLucerne and with its proximity to lakes and mountains makes an excellent base for various excursions. A good way to see Lucerne and Central Switzerland is from the Pilatus, a towering monument of a mountain with a view like a vision. It only takes one hour to reach the famous landmark of Lucerne - consider getting up there by taking Europe steepest coq wheel train.

Switzerland's southernmost region, the Italian-speaking Ticino, can seem a world apart from the rest of the country - especially the lakeside resorts of Lugano, Ascona and Locarno, with their Mediterranean Riviera like atmosphere and climate. The romance that surrounds the southern part of Switzerland makes it a special visit.

In the west, the cities lining the northern shore of Lake Geneva -Geneva, Montreux and Lausanne - are surrounded by rolling hills covered with woods and vineyards which shelter them from the north and east winds. The Lake Geneva Region makes up the bulk of French-speaking Switzerland. Geneva is unquestionably one of Switzerland's most privileged cities on account of its exceptional location. Visitors will be delighted by opulent mansions, the harbor and its fountain, and the shimmering shores of the lake, set against a backdrop of lush vegetation and wooded mountains.

Attractions in Switzerland:

Bernia expressSwiss Alps Bernina Express Rail Tour from Milan:

Take a ride on the Bernina Express, Switzerland's alpine delight. This train journey takes you along one of the most beautiful railway routes in the world – now a UNESCO World Heritage Site – through the Bernina Pass to the exclusive resort of St Moritz at the ‘Top of the World.’ Enjoy a round-trip scenic coach trip and ride a bright red rail car, passing unrivaled landscapes amid the towering peaks of the Swiss Alps, including time to spend in charming Tirano and St Mortiz.

Old townOld Town:

its cobbled streets, colourful fountains, medieval churches and stately buildings, the Old Town is a wonderful place to wander. In Marktplatz check out the impressive rust-coloured Rathaus (Town Hall) , with frescoed courtyard. The 12th-centuryMünster , southeast from Marktplatz, is another highlight, with Gothic spires and Romanesque St Gallus doorway.

Fondation Pierre Arnaud:

Don't miss this stunning art gallery with mountain peaks looming large on its dazzling mirrored facade and silver-leafed edelweiss in the Alpine rooftop garden. Inside is equally brilliant, with the gallery hosting two contemporary art exhibitions each year.

Cathédrale de Notre Dame:cathedral

Lausanne’s Gothic cathedral, Switzerland’s finest, stands proudly at the heart of the Old Town.

Queen Studio Experience:

Queen recorded seven albums in this lovingly preserved studio (they also owned the joint from 1979 to 1993), and a visit here will give you a strong sense of their oeuvre and relationship with the town.

Education in Switzerland: List of Universities in Switzerland,

·  University of Basel (Basel), German-speaking

·  University of Bern (Bern), German-speaking

·  University of Fribourg (Fribourg), French- and German-speaking

·  University of Geneva (Geneva), French-speaking

·  University of Neuchâtel (Neuchâtel), French-speaking

·  University of Lausanne (Lausanne), French-speaking

·  University of Lucerne (Lucerne), German/English-speaking

·  University of Lugano (Lugano), Italian/English-speaking

·  University of St. Gallen (HSG) (St. Gallen), German/English-speaking

·  University of Zurich (Zürich), German/English-speaking

switzerlandFood in Switzerland: Swiss cuisine bears witness to many regional influences, including from French, German and Italian cuisine and also features many dishes specific to Switzerland. Switzerland was historically a country of farmers, so traditional Swiss dishes tend to be plain and made from simple ingredients, such as potatoes and cheese. There are many regional dishes in Switzerland. One example is: Zürcher Geschnetzeltes-thin strips of veal with mushrooms in a cream sauce served with rösti. Italian cuisine is popular in contemporary Switzerland, particularly pasta and pizza.


Regions of Switzerland

Aargau Appenzell Inner-Rhoden Appenzell  Outer-Rhoden Basel-Country
Basel-Town Bern Fribourg Geneve
Glarus Graubunden Jura Luzern
Neuchatel Nidwalden Obwalden Schaffhausen
Schwyz Solothurn St. Gallen Thurgau
Ticino Uri Valais Vaud
Zug Zurich


Regions within Switzerland:

A - B - F - G - J - L - N - O - S - T - U - V - Z

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Today's Rates: 1 CHF = 1.05726 $ 1 CHF = 0.67851 £ 1 CHF = 0.92876 €
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