The Tunisian Revolution was an intensive campaign of civil resistance that was precipitated by high unemployment, food inflation, corruption, a lack of freedom of speech and other political freedoms and poor living conditions. Tunisia has great environmental diversity due to its north-south extent. Its east-west extent is limited. Differences in Tunisia, like the rest of the Maghreb, are largely north-south environmental differences defined by sharply decreasing rainfall southward from any point.
Climate: The areas of northern Tunisia that draw the most tourists have a typical Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild, occasionally rainy winters. Spring and autumn both offer their own enticements though, both in terms of an appealing climate and a lessening of tourist traffic.
Geography: Tunisia is situated on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, midway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Nile Delta. It is bordered by Algeria on the west and Libya on the south east. It may be small but Tunisia has a landscape which varies from the cliffs of the north coast, to the woodland of the interior, from desert to rich, arable land, and from mountains to salt pans below sea level. The south is semiarid, and merges into the Sahara. A series of salt lakes, known as chotts or shatts, lie in an east-west line at the northern edge of the Sahara, extending from the Gulf of Gabes into Algeria. Tunisia has a coastline 1,148 kilometers. Much of the southern region is semi-arid and desert.
Nature: The Coast of the Coral in Tabarka and Bizerte; the Coasts of Carthage close to Tunis; the Hammamet resort; the port of El Kantaoui near Sousse, the Monastir and Mahdia resorts to the Djerba island, sightseeing nature in Tunisia fills visitors with wonders. Green Tunisia’, the Tabarka/Ain Draham coral coast region is a delightful part of the country, a region of hills, mountains and fertile plains. Temperature variations can be great, and occasional snow covers the peaks of Khroumiria. The region of Ain Draham has 80 000 hectares of cork oak, pink bay-trees, and thousands of plants as well as a horse center. This large variety of landscapes and sites where, between the trees, one can enjoy the superb blue sea of the Mediterranean, fresh air and old Roman cities nearby is an amazingly rewarding experience.
Natural Parks: Chaambi National Park is located approximately three hours south of Tunis, the capital city, near the border of Algeria. It has been a biosphere national park since 1977 and is home to more than 260 different plant species. Boukornine National Nature Park is found in northern Tunisia. As it is located near Tunis, the park has been dedicated as a peri-urban park. Bou Hedma National Park, located in the southern region of Tunisia, is one of the largest parks in the country. Sidi Toui National Park is a semi desert area that covers 6.3 ha north on the border of the Sahara desert. Zembra National Park is located on the island of the same name located in the Mediterranean Sea. Sidi Toui National Park is a semi desert area.
Landscape: The Dorsal, the eastern extension of the Atlas Mountains, runs across Tunisia in a northeasterly direction from the Algerian border in the west to the Cape Bon peninsula in the east. North of the Dorsal is the Tell, a region characterized by low, rolling hills and plains, again an extension of mountains to the west in Algeria. The Mediterranean coast in northern Tunisia gives the country two distinctive Mediterranean coasts, west-east in the north, and north-south in the east. The coastline is backed by lush pasture, orchards, vineyards and olive groves and is the most populous area of the country. The desert region of the Sahara is one of Tunisia's most famous features. Its diverse environment of mammoth salt pans, vast sand plains and towering dunes, interspersed with lush oases forms the landscape of the south.
Things to do: In the capital Tunis is this impressive museum which houses a superlative collection of mosaics, and exhibits a comprehensive range of finds from across Tunisia's ancient sites. The Cap Bon Peninsula offers a sun and sea seekers will love the resort amenities at Nabuel, culture vultures, Kelibia's fort, the old Punic/Roman quarry at Ghar el-Khabir and the old Punic ruins of Kerkouane. The dramatic sand dunes of the Grand Erg Oriental ripple out in waves across the horizon. he chilled out island of Djerba is a Mediterranean idyll; all whitewashed villages, shaded by palm trees, craft markets, and postage-stamp sized beaches. Dougga is UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of North Africa's best preserved ancient ruins. Although most of the surviving monuments here are from the Roman period, Dougga's history stretches right back to the 6th century BC and many more attractions.
Capital city: Tunis is the capital of Tunisia. It is Tunisia's largest city, with a population. It is located on the Mediterranean coast but lacking much in the way of beaches, Tunis has been spared the onslaught of package tourism in the resorts to the north and south. Tunis is a city with a vibrant heart, but it’s the combination of Arabic, African and European traditions that make the Tunisia capital an invigorating visit. Tunis is the focus of Tunisian political and administrative life; it is also the centre of the country's commercial activity. Nearby is Tunisia's beautiful blue and white village, Sidi Bou Said, which will inspire as many tourists as it did artists, while the gorgeous sand beaches of La Marsa are ideal for a spot of sunbathing.Tunisia isn't big on desserts. Instead there is a dizzying array of Arabic sweets and cakes to choose from, usually filled with nuts and drenched in honey or syrup.
Cuisine: Tunisian cuisine, the cuisine of Tunisia, is a blend of Mediterranean and desert dwellers' culinary traditions. Its distinctive spicy fieriness comes from neighbouring Mediterranean countries. Tunisia offers a "sun cuisine," based mainly on olive oil, spices, tomatoes, seafood and meat (primarily lamb). On the coast you'll find fresh seafood while in the Sahara region menus often feature Berber specialties which are often rustic-style wholesome stews. Roast chicken and baked lamb dishes are popular throughout the country, as are dishes featuring couscous.